As I have mentioned earlier, that my blog is not just to share recipes but also to create awareness on subjects which I am passionate about. Now-a- days most of the food we eat consist of traces of chemical fertilizers and pesticides which is very harmful for our health. It causes diseases like cancer and other chronic illness. It is difficult to source organic products and mostly the price is very high. If we have space, we can develop a small kitchen garden. Those who live in flats can use small pots/ to grow plants like mint, tomatoes, curry leaves etc. We can make our own organic manure for our plants by using the kitchen and garden waste available in our house. I have a small kitchen garden in my backyard where I use my own compost kitchen and garden waste for my plants.We can convert our biodegradable kitchen and garden waste into non toxic nutrient rich fertilizer which we can use for our plants. It also reduces the amount of garbage which cities find a huge problem to solve.If you notice, almost 80% of our garbage is bio-degradable which can be re-used and made into rich manure. I am going to share Simple Ways to do Natural Composing at home using our kitchen and garden waste. I have made it as simple as possible.
In Natural Composting, the waste decomposes with the aid of insects, tiny microbes and worms.It is done by billions of microbes (bacteria, fungi) that digest the kitchen waste and turn into compost. These microbes need air, water and food (kitchen and garden waste).
First you need a holding unit to store your garden and kitchen waste till they break down and become manure.Holding unit is the easiest way to compost (See pic). These can be bought from hardware stores. Make a bin of 1 meter diameter using wire mesh.The bin should be open ended,when place on the ground, it should come in contact with the soil (see picture below). Keep the bin/holding unit in a shady place in your garden.
Collect all your kitchen waste like vegetable and fruit peelings, leaves, egg shells, coffee grounds, cauliflower stems etc and garden waste like leaves, grass cuttings, flowers and put it in the holding unit.This is called pile. You should cover your pile with a layer of soil.
Microbes need air to do their work of composting. Without air, your garbage will stink. So you must see it that, there is enough aeration. For this you can turn the pile (mix it well) once in a week to get air into it.
The pile should be moist but not soggy. If the pile is dry, composting will slow down. If your pile is soggy, they tend to mat and exclude air thereby slowing the composting process. So keep it as moist as a wrong out sponge. You have to water your pile, if it is dry. You can cover your pile with a sheet to keep rain off during rainy season.
Microbes need 2 kinds of food to do their work. Browns and greens .
Browns are dry leaves, straw, wood chips etc.
Green are all our kitchen waste, green leaves etc
So there should be a good mix of greens and browns for the microbes to do their work. This also helps in aeration.
With Good aeration, proper moisture level and proper ingredient mix (ie good mix of greens and browns ) your pile will decompose within 4-5 months time.
Finished compost has an earthy smell.( pic 2)
You can used the finished compost for your garden and your plants will happily return you with toxic-free fruits. The custard apple below is harvested from my garden. I did not use any chemical fertilzers or pesticides, but only compost which I did following the above method. So let us not waste our kitchen/garden waste. Let us pave way for a healthy and happy life and make this earth a better place to live.
|Toxic Free custard apples|